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Discrimination

Nepalese women suffer from sexual discrimination under various social restrictions and under some cultural practices.

Changes in discrimination against women have been rapid, particularly amongst certain ethnic groups, the middle classes, and in urban areas. The political changes in Nepal have also been driving reform of certain discriminative practices.

There are however a number of areas where women face avert discrimination.

Education

There are many hidden ways that women are discriminated against when they go to school. In some areas girls are still seen as being domestic servants that don’t need an education, in other areas schools are designed to be less-accessible to girls (toilets, class layout, etc.).

Work

As the following chart shows, women are in the minority in regards to paid employment:

Paid Job Income Earning Unpaid Work
All Nepal
Male
Female
Rural
Male
Female
Urban
Male
Female
19.6
32.1
7.3
18.7
30.6
6.9
28.2
46.4
11.1
36.8
44
29.8
38.9
44.9
31.2
24.2
34.3
14.7
43.7
23.9
63
43.3
24.4
61.9
47.5
19.2
74.2

Finance

As we can see from the following chart, women are even blocked from accessing financial support and have to go to local money lenders:

Source of Credit Male Female
Institutional
Agricultural Development Bank
Commercial Bank
Other
Non-institutional
Friends and relatives
Moneylenders
Landlords
Merchants
30.4
16.4
11.9
2.1
69.6
24.2
27.9
0.9
16.6
15.4
4.9
7.4
3.1
84.6
30.5
38.9
1.0
14.2

Culture

Culture and religion are also key barriers to equality. There are many stories of ways in which women are restricted and this is particularly true in the practices of some Hindu groups who discriminate on terms of marriage, healthcare, ability to work, and so on.

 

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